Exploring Hilma af Klint: The Unsung Heroine of Abstract Art

Published Categorized as Artists

In the realm of abstract art, few names resonate as profoundly as Hilma af Klint. A Swedish artist and mystic, she’s often hailed as the pioneer of abstract art, a title she’s earned through her groundbreaking work in the early 20th century.

Af Klint’s work is a fascinating blend of spiritualism and modernism. She was a member of ‘The Five’, a group of female artists who conducted séances and believed in communicating with the spiritual realm. This belief heavily influenced her art, resulting in a unique, intriguing style that’s still celebrated today.

Her story is one of mystery, spirituality, and artistic innovation. So, let’s dive in and explore the life, work, and legacy of this extraordinary artist. It’s a journey that’s as captivating as the swirling, vibrant colors in her paintings.

Early Life and Influences

Born on October 26, 1862, in Solna, Sweden, Hilma af Klint was raised in a naval family with a deep interest in spiritualism. Her upbringing fostered an early curiosity about the world and its truths, beyond what’s visible to the naked eye.

In her adolescence, af Klint began honing her artistic skills at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Stockholm. She excelled in the program and completed her formal art education in 1887. With classical training in drawing, portraiture, and landscape painting, she initially followed the traditional path of her contemporaries. But her artistic path changed direction following personal loss.

Her younger sister Hermina’s death in 1880 deeply affected af Klint and intensified her interest in spiritualism. She grimly realized that art could serve as a medium to communicate with the spiritual world and started exploring this concept in her work.

The Five, a group of female artists profoundly influenced af Klint’s work. Initiated by af Klint and her four colleagues, they conducted séances, attempting to contact the “High Masters,” otherworldly spirits that relayed messages of a spiritual nature. These were the guiding light for af Klint’s creatively challenging and pioneering journey into abstract art.

Delving into esoteric teachings, af Klint found inspiration in the writings of philosopher and scientist Emanuel Swedenborg and theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater. They provided her with vital insights that bridged her interest in spirituality and her artistic practice.

Systematizing her exploration, af Klint began creating a cosmology of her own. She developed complex symbols and motifs drawing upon various spiritual traditions. These became an integral part of her abstract paintings and distinguished her work from her contemporaries.

Af Klint’s early life and influences unravel the layers that led to her transformative journey from traditional artistry to pioneering abstract art. An intricate interplay of personal experiences, spiritual beliefs, and intellectual interests shaped her unique artistic language, unfurling her path to monumental works such as The Paintings for the Temple series.

The Five and Spiritual Beliefs

One of Hilma af Klint’s profound inspirations was a group known as The Five. This collective was unique; an all-women’s group experiencing séances to interact with spiritual entities. These experiences were instrumental in redirecting af Klint’s artistic expression from traditional art forms towards using her craft as a spiritual medium.

The Five, comprised of Anna Cassel, Sigrid Hedman, Mathilda Nilsson, and af Klint herself, embarked on a series of séances that connected them to higher entities. They gave themselves the individual pseudonyms of Ananda, Heba, Frida, and Ianna and each of them created their own automatic drawings – a technique where the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process allowing the unconscious mind to have creative control.

Their collective spiritual exploration was heavily influenced by Emanuel Swedenborg and Charles Webster Leadbeater, leaders in esoteric teachings. Swedenborg, a Swedish philosopher and theologian, enlightened The Five on spiritual realms and divine wisdom. Leadbeater, a renowned member of the Theosophical Society, built upon Swedenborg’s teachings focusing on clairvoyance and other mystical phenomena.

Af Klint’s exploration of these spiritual teachings had such a profound impact on her that it sparked a creative shift, propelling her towards creating abstract art. Her unique cosmology was directly reflected in her work. She developed a series of monumental abstract works named The Paintings for the Temple.

The Paintings for the Temple series were unlike anything her contemporaries were creating. She depicted her spiritual experiences visually with swirling shapes, symbols, and colors expressing spiritual doctrines and arcane knowledge. This series distinguished her from her contemporacies and put her in a league of her own.

What one can surmise from these explorations is how intensely personal and spiritual experiences can shape an individual’s creative expression. Hilma af Klint’s journey, influenced by both her trenchantly personal losses and elaborate spiritual explorations, solidifies her standing as a pivotal figure in the genesis of abstract art. But this was just one part of her journey, for af Klint’s continual evolution as an artist and spiritual pioneer never ceased. A future section will delve into the next phase of her life, where her art began to receive the recognition it deserved.

Innovative Artistic Style

My exploration of Hilma af Klint’s body of work wouldn’t be complete without shining a spotlight on the innovative artistic style that sets her apart from her contemporaries. Breaking the conventional norms, her style was a departure from the realistic portrayal of life around her. Instead, she turned her artistic focus inward, charting a new path into the realm of abstract art.

Hilma af Klint’s creativity was not just layered – highlighting both the physical and spiritual aspects of the universe – but it was also ahead of its time. It’s astounding to know that af Klint started painting abstracts nearly a decade before Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian, recognized figures in abstract art. Her abstract work predates them all.

She painted broad strokes of bold colors and a concoction of geometric shapes in her art pieces. These elements were not just mere decoration. To her, these shapes and colors embodied specific spiritual entities and universal forces.

Diving deeper into her artwork, I came across The Ten Largest series, which vividly illustrates this unique style. To get a perspective, here’s how the series was produced:

The Ten Largest1907Tempera on paper

The series was ambitious and monumental, characterized by an explosion of colors and astonishing shapes. Her innovative artistic style was becoming more apparent, setting the stage for the abstraction era.

In her collection The Evolution, Hilma af Klint delved deeper into the portrayal of spiritual and physical evolution. The bold colors, combined with the intricate design of spiral forms, underscored her belief in the interplay of forces and the oneness of the universe.

Her unorthodox blend of spirituality and art was an attempt to visualize the unseen dimensions of existence. Her ethereal works of art encapsulate a holistic approach to understanding our existence – a theme she would continue exploring in her future works.

Understanding her work requires the acceptance that her unconventional style was not just artistic expression, but a communication between af Klint and the spiritual realms. The context where her artwork was exhibited and its influence on future generations of abstract artists warrants more attention, which I’ll be discussing more in the next section.

Legacy and Impact

Creating waves beyond her time, Hilma af Klint’s far-reaching influence is imprinted on today’s contemporary art landscape. Breaking conventional barriers, she pioneered abstract art, surpassing notable figures like Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian in her early adoption and exploration of this unique style.

Af Klint dared to go where others hadn’t. My journey into her legacy reaffirmed that she wasn’t just an artist; she was a visionary who used her canvas to bridge the divide between the spiritual and physical world. Her forays into abstract art were guided by her deep spiritual practice, acting as a medium for conveying messages from the spiritual realm.

Her ambitious work, The Ten Largest, exemplifies this concept excellently. One can’t ignore the sense of crossing into an unseen dimension when gazing upon the bold colors and geometric patterns swirling across the canvas. And it’s in this singular accomplishment that her reach extends beyond the sphere of fine art, touching on aspects of spirituality, science, and even philosophy.

Pulling the Lee Ufan Museum’s 2021 retrospective into the narrative, the significance of af Klint’s work in the macrocosm of abstract art becomes further magnified. The exhibition hailed her as an unsung heroine of abstract art, acknowledging her early discovery and development of the genre. Her Evolution collection’s display in the retrospective particularly emphasized her revolutionary concepts, a blend of metaphysical exploration and artistic creativity sparking intriguing questions among viewers.

More so, Af Klint doesn’t just have a lasting impact on the field of abstract art. She’s a beacon for any creative striving to break the mold, reminding us that art is inherently a form of expression that should transcend limiting societal norms. By looking at her legacy, one can’t help but understand that art, much like life, should always be an exploration, a discovery, and a fuse to ignite the unseen forces around us.

Moving on, the next section will explore the significant archival efforts preserving Hilma af Klint’s work and their role in recognizing the extraordinary dimensions of her art.


Hilma af Klint’s transformative impact on the abstract art world is undeniable. With her groundbreaking approach, she not only paved the way for future artists but also redefined the boundaries of artistic expression. Her work, teeming with bold colors and geometric patterns, serves as a doorway to unseen dimensions. The recent exhibition at the Lee Ufan Museum has only magnified her significance, reaffirming her position as a pioneer of abstract art. As we look forward to the archival efforts preserving her work, it’s clear that af Klint’s legacy continues to inspire and resonate with creatives worldwide. Her art isn’t just about aesthetics—it’s a journey of exploration and discovery. And that’s what makes af Klint’s contribution to abstract art truly extraordinary.

Categorized as Artists