The History and Meaning of Rococo Art Movement

Published Categorized as Art Movements, Rococo

Rococo and Rococo Art Reviews

In Renaissance and Baroque art, Rococo or Rochard, less commonly Rochard or Early Baroque, is an incredibly ornate and theatrical style of art, architecture, and decorative design that combines dramatic asymmetrical scrollwork, asymmetrical floral and geometric shapes, gold-colored glazing, trompe l’oeil painting, and sculpted molding with white and off-white colors. It is a form of art that incorporates many different elements, making it both highly decorative and extremely varied in forms, shapes, styles, and colors. This style of decorative architecture inspired many artists, but other sources influenced others. There are some similarities in the decorative art of both the Baroque and Renaissance periods of art, though the most obvious is exotic, bold colors like reds, yellows, blues, and greens.

What is Rococo?

The term “Rococo” itself is not a French word, but it is derived from the Spanish “rosa,” meaning sun, moon, and stars, and “coj,” meaning wine or spirit. In this case, it was applied to any decorative arts influenced by the French and Spanish nobility. It was a unique style of art that was greatly influenced by the Italian renaissance period’s architecture. As its name suggests, Rochard and Rococo styles of decorative art had a lot to do with the architectural ornamentation of the Renaissance period. Still, they also borrowed heavily from Italian art. For example, many Renaissance buildings had large columns and arches, and much of the furniture used for the buildings had decorative elements in the form of scrolls and fleurs-de-lis.

The famous French Renaissance painter Rubens was responsible for one of the first known works of Rococo style of art. His painting, “The Last Judgment,” was made during the Baroque period, and it is widely considered to be one of the most beautiful works of art in the history of art. The painting has many elements that are reminiscent of the Rococo style, including the large, sweeping arches and the floral images on the panels and in the background. 


Deriving from the French word rocaille, in reference to the curved forms of shellfish, and the Italian Barocco, the French created the term Rococo.

Rococo Style and Influences

The Rococo style, however, had many influences, including the Baroque and Renaissance periods. The most obvious influence of the style on the early Baroque period was that of the Medici family of Italy. They are well known for their rich colors and vibrant colors. They were also famous for their luxurious, extravagant style of decorating and decorations.

One of the best-known works of this style of art is St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. It is one of the largest and most beautiful churches in the world. The painting, “The Last Judgment,” was done in the early Baroque period and depicts Jesus Christ and angels sit on the stone pavement while holding cross-shaped candelabras above their heads. Some experts think it was created by an Italian Renaissance artist named Benoit Renoir, who is considered one of the greatest painters of the Baroque period. Another essential aspect of Roman art that is often used in Rococo art is red and gold colors. The color red used in the paintings and in the time’s architecture was associated with blood and virility. This is reflected in the large numbers of portraits that were painted in red and gold. Another element of red and gold was gold as a part of the architecture and decorating of the church.

Most of the paintings in the Rococo style are very colorful, often consisting of bold color combinations. In addition to the large, sweeping arches and floral images on the walls, these artists also added many bright colors into the painting itself. The result was a unique and distinctive style of art that was indeed a departure from the more traditional art styles. It was a style that was very different than the more conservative styles of art that were prevalent in the past.

One of the biggest problems in determining the authenticity of Rococo art is that many of the original examples were stolen during the Renaissance, and it’s tough to tell whether these works were created during the renaissance period or not. Some of the best-known examples of this style are the Louvre and the Museum of Fine Arts in Paris and the Royal Academy in Vienna. The style is also quite popular among collectors of Renaissance art. For example, the artist Diego Rivera, a master of this style, is the most famous living member of this style, creating over 500 pieces. The style called “Cavalli Picasso,” which was done by the same artist, Francisco Goya.